Physics

The German physicist Albert Einstein needed complex equations to describe his theory of relativity, but 18-year-old Hillary Diane Andales of the Philippines does just fine with a pick-up truck, a few cell phones, and Usain Bolt.   Andales is the winner of the 2017 Breakthrough Junior Challenge, an annual competition that calls on teenagers across the
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Achieving nuclear fusion without needing radioactive fuel or producing radioactive waste is now “within reach” thanks to a new laser-driven technique, according to researchers.   The type of fusion we’re talking about is hydrogen-boron fusion, which produces no neutrons and therefore no radioactivity in its primary reaction. The downside, and part of what’s made it
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Researchers at MIT have invented a temporary “tattoo” made from genetically programmed living cells. Their prototype looks like a stick-on patch with a pattern in the shape of a tree.   It’s divided into sections printed with a slurry containing live bacteria that fluoresce when they come into contact with particular compounds. When the skin under
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An international team of scientists employed highly precise methods to uncover the most exact measurement of the magnetic moment of protons. They found it to be 2.79284734462, plus-or-minus 0.00000000082 nuclear magnetons (the typical unit for measuring this property).   The magnetic moment is a property of particles that is a prerequisite for magnetism, and applied
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For the first time, scientists have witnessed lightning triggering nuclear reactions in the atmosphere, confirming a hypothesis dating back almost a century. It’s long been predicted that high-energy electrons in lightning can produce gamma rays that induce nuclear reactions in thunderclouds, but before now, the phenomenon has never been conclusively observed.   “The photonuclear reaction
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During the mid- to late-twentieth century, quantum physicists picked apart the unified theory of physics that Einstein’s theory of relativity offered. The physics of the large was governed by gravity, but only quantum physics could describe observations of the small. Since then, a theoretical tug-o-war between gravity and the other three fundamental forces has continued
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In the science of quantum communication, the challenge has always been prolonging the entangled state that the particles are in. As quantum information is carried by these entangled particles, the length of time the entanglement is sustained affects the distance that the information can travel.   Quantum communication systems do this using direct optical-fiber connections,
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A collaboration of engineers and researchers has found a way to prevent helium, a byproduct of the fusion reaction, from weakening nuclear fusion reactors. The secret is in building the reactors using nanocomposite solids that create channels through which the helium can escape.   Researchers from Texas A&M University, working with a team from the Los Alamos
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Proteins, the building blocks in every cell, have usually been thought of as blobs of inert organic matter. Now scientists have caught one particular protein doing something incredible: conducting electricity. If the findings can be replicated and used, we could have ourselves a powerful new diagnostic tool for medical use, capable of identifying single protein
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A team of researchers from RMIT University in Melbourne, Australia has reportedly made a ‘once-in-a-decade discovery’ that will radically change how we do chemistry. The discovery? The creation of two-dimensional materials no thicker than a few atoms — something that’s never been seen before in nature.   The research that led to this incredible find was led
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